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Writing Process: P D R S

Page history last edited by Ms. Edwards 13 years, 1 month ago

Writing Process




P D R S - The Writing Process








How do you write well?  Use the Writing Process



Writing is NOT talk written down.

Writing is a thoughtful, committed arrangement of precise images and active events

that clearly express the writer's purpose (story, explanation, or opinion)

in interesting language that moves the reader's (the audience's) mind movie into the writer's vision.



Writing in your mind must be PLANNED.  Focus on one topic.

Plan, organize, and choose ideas and words before drafting.



Revise your writing: reread it for precise words and detailed elaboaration, logical organization with transitions, interesting language using figurative language, and varied sentences (different lengths and different beginnings). Then edit your writing for spelling, capitalization, punctuation, sentence structure, grammar, paragraphing, margins, legibility, etc.




Preparation to write is planning the possible ideas, details, and precise words (nouns and verbs).


1: Prewrite Interesting Ideas:

What are interesting and unique ideas about your topic? Make a quick list.



2.  Look at your list and decide: 

What is my topic? __________________

Who is my audience?

What is my purpose?


What is the message, the main idea I want to explain/narrate/persuade to my audience about my topic:





Use our message idea to write a topic sentence:





3. Prewrite Interesting Ideas with elaboration:


Elaboaration (5Es) includes:

  • elaborate: add more details

  • explain: explain your idea

  • experience: tell some experiences about your idea

  • evidence: add evidence to prove your idea

  • example: give examples (For instance, For example)


Think about your message. Write a new list or choose your ideas from your idea prewriting lists with nifty nouns and a list of details for each main idea. Choose one or more from your prewriting idea list, depending on how you want to present to your audience.  Always ask yourself: Am I adding to my message?


Your ideas with nifty nouns:   | Make a list with nifty nouns that elaborates on your idea-what details (5Es) will thoroughly explain your idea / message




4. Prewriting for strong verbs

Look at your message and ideas.  Have you written nifty, specific nouns?  List the nouns you will write about, and then list strong, vivid, ACTIVE verbs for each noun.  Always ask yourself: Am I adding to my message?


Idea Nouns or Noun Phrases                            |  Strong Verbs or Verb Phrases

Digital camera                                                            will snap shots of my Grandma to save for my family



5. Organize.

Look at your ideas. Number them in a logical order.  Think about transition words.




Dare to write a first draft.

Now especially: Always ask yourself: Am I adding to my message?



Look at your prewriting. Reread your work.  Think about your message.  Start writing your piece.  Use many details, nifty nouns, and vivid verbs.



Repair your writing with revision.


How can you add a grabber beginning

  • ask a question
  • tell a story in two-three sentences that introduces your idea
  • give an interesting fact


Reread your writing -- revise for:

  • Names -- add precise words --nifty nouns
  • Details -- detailed elaboaration -- more evidence
  • Action -- strong verbs
  • Organization (flow) -- logical organization with transition words 
  • Varied sentences -- different lengths and different beginnings
  • Interesting Language -- use figurative language (alliteration, consonance, assonance, simile, metaphor, personification, onomatopoeia, etc.)


How can you end your writing in an interesting way?

  • Restate your message
  • Give an example
  • Tell what will happen because of your message.
  • Ask a question



  • Have I stayed on topic?
  • Have I written to my audience?
  • Have I written to my purpose?
  • Am I convincing -- did I create interesting mind movies for the audience?


Proofread your writing:

  • Edit for spelling, capitalization, punctuation, sentence structure, grammar, paragraphing, margins, legibility, etc.



Publish your writing in a final draft.




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