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Figurative Language

Page history last edited by Ms. Edwards 13 years ago

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Figurative Language





Alliteration--  Repeated beginning consonant sounds, such as "feather fingers flapping"


Consonance-- Repeated consonant sounds, such as Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven." For example: "And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain"


Personification-- Giving life to something not living; such as saying the feathers are fingers


Onomatopoeia-- (ah no mah toe pee ah) Words that sound like the sound they make, such as Bam! Pop! Bang! slap gurgle Phzzzzt


Simile-- Comparing two things that are different and finding a similarity -- write it using like or as , such as comparing how high the eagle flies to how a skyscraper is. The eagle flies as high as a skyscraper .


Metaphor -- comparing two different objects ---  "Her sparkling eyes are stars."



Imagery: Use The Senses-- Write all sights, sounds, smells, tastes, texture, feelings about your topic

Describe what it LOOKs like.

What does it sound like?

How might it smell, taste?

How might it feel if you touched it?

Ideas from the poem: piercing eyes; white head; crooked yellow talons; munching grass; flapping in the cold winter wind



Hyperbole -- extreme exaggeration. “His grin is as wide as the ocean!”  "She is as tall as a mountain!”



Author Musts:


Vivid verbs-- Action words like flies, spread, searching, hops, munches, drops, fold, dives, scopp, flaps, flows


Nifty nouns-- Specific nouns (persons, places, things, ideas); instead of dog, say German Shepard; instead of fast, say 100 miles an hour; instead animal, say rabbit or snake


Assonance-- Repeated vowel sounds, such as flies across the skies


Consonance— Repeated consonant sounds: bounce the basketball on the backboard


Repeated words--  Repeat words for effect, like "hops, munches, hops, munches" to show the rabbit doesn't know the danger



Other Poetic Devices:


Rhyme-- Repeated ending sounds, such as fold, cold; poems do NOT need to rhyme


Line breaks-- Whereever you want the reader to pause or look carefully at a phrase, put a line break there (hit return).




Go to Mrs. Dowling's class page at: http://www.dowlingcentral.com/MrsD/area/literature/LitTerms.html

For each of the following, 1) click on that link on Mrs. Dowling's page. 2) read the information, 3) do the practice questions, and 4) take the online quiz.

Figurative Language -- everyone learns these:










Other language uses--



figure of speech


Grade 8 also could learn apply these strategies--







Poetic Techniques Video (Login Required)




Assignment 1


Teams of students study and learn one figurative language term. 

Each team will, 1) click on the link for their term on Mrs. Dowling's page; 2) read the information; 3) do the practice questions; 4) take the online quiz; 5) report your score to your teacher; 6) click on the other examples to read; and 7) create a broster to post in the hallway on your term.  Note: Team 7 must use the link provided; Mrs. Dowling's link to personification no longer works.  Click here for image of broster directions.


Team 1: Alliteration Mrs. Dowling's page   For other examples, click here.

Team 2: Assonance Mrs. Dowling's page  For a definition, click here, and a sample poem click here.

Team 3: Imagery Mrs. Dowling's page   For other examples, click here.

Team 4: Metaphor Mrs. Dowling's page  For other examples, click here.

Team 5: Simile  Mrs. Dowling's page  For other examples, click here.

Team 6: Onomatopoeia Mrs. Dowling's page   For other examples, click here.

Team 7: Personification   For other examples, click here.


Assignment 2


Read the brosters of three other students whose figurative language term is different than yours.  Using their definition and examples, write your own term, definition, and example using our vocabulary sheets. Create one vocabulary term for your own term. (4 vocabulary terms total)


Assignment 3


Read the poem here called "The Esquimos Have No Word for 'War'" by Mary Oliver. Divide a piece of paper into four parts.  In each part, place one of these titles: alliteration, assonance, simile, imagery.  Find examples from the poem of each.



Assignment 4

With a partner, create your own wiki page and write your own list of examples of figurative language.  Extra credit if you include your examples in a narrative (story) or expository (factual) piece of writing.



















Student Work


Broster FL Examples


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